Akashik Records

The notion that anything that has happened is stored as universal memory permanently which can be accessed through psychic methods.


Loss of memory

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Bio feedback

System to enable people to become consciously aware of and control vital physiological functions involving measurement of the function, amplification,
monitoring and continuous presentation through a sensory stimulus to the person.


Religion founded by Gautama Buddha in 6th century B.C. which is very much in line with modern scientific outlook and method.


Total withdrawal characterized by physical and mental rigidity and inactivity.


Release of pent up emotion

Cognitive learning

This is the highest type of learning. An individual learns simply because he wants to learn. Purposive learning.

Collective Psychism

The notion that living beings having a similar body share a group mind and collective consciousness and they influence each other and function together psychically.

Collective Unconscious

Jung's term for the storehouse of ancestral experience in mind. This includes the
racial history as well as the experience of animal ancestors.

Contiguity learning, Classical conditioning

Most primitive learning. Learning by association (experiences occurring together in space or time go together) through the principles of contiguity (nearness), similarity and contrast.


Oscillation, reversing, frequently changing, .in a cyclic fashion

Dissociative mechanism

Personality or mind splitting into two or more parts and functioning
rather independently.


Disharmony, friction, not going smoothly together


Jung's concept for a person whose mind is externally oriented. In modern psychology this has come to mean a person who is very active,
sociable and dominant.


Female impotence, lack of sexual response in females

Group mind

Notion that minds of persons are not totally separate and that minds of people belonging to a natural closely knit group merge to form some kind
of collective consciousness.


Sensory experience or perception in the absence of relevant external stimuli. Usually the result of intense subjective need for tension reduction or expression.

Homeostasis, Homeostatic

Natural tendency of bio-systems to seek balance

Humanistically Oriented System of Psychology

Humanism is opposed to the mechanical view of man and humanistic psychology stresses the capacity of man for personal growth.


Artificially induced, highly suggestible, sleep-like state in willing or highly suggestible persons.

Hysteric, Hysteria

Dissociative neurotic personality. Immature, attention seeking and low
Bodily conversions and multiple personality. Escapist behavior.


Special kind of learning based on critical period, developmental readiness and search image. Largely irreversible. Originally identified imprinting (Lawrence and Tinbergen) was maternal.

Instinctual mechanisms

Principles of expression and operation of instincts

Instrumental Learning

Learning by drive reduction, law of effect or reinforcement. This type of learning presupposes a high drive to solve a problem, a reward or punishment and selective strenthening or weakening of connections.


Jung's term for a person whose mind is internally turned. In modern Psychology, a person who is withdrawn, restful and prefers to be alone.

Jnana Yoga

Reaching the absolute through the intellect, reflecting on the ultimate questions of existence.

Jumping Genes

The theory that genes change position influencing the expression of characteristics.

Karma Yoga

The yoga of purifying consciousness through detached action (service).


Absence of proper leadership or leadership which lets people do what they want to do.

Lamarckian Theory

The theory that acquired or learned characteristics is genetically transmitted to the offsprings. Though the mechanism of how learning can influence genes is not known there is some evidence that experience is genetically transmitted

Laughter therapy

Making people laugh as means to relieve tension or depression

Learning by insight

This is learning by cognitive reorganization or reorganization of elements of the perceptual field. This occurs all on a sudden and this shows that even lower animals are capable of higher types of learning when given the circumstances which allow the operation of higher forms of learning.

Locus of Control

Rotter's concept of two types of control - I & A. Internals believe in self-effort and will. Externals believe in fate, luck and external factors as determinants of what happens to them.


When the right object for imprinting is not available the organism attaches itself to the object nearest to the search image.


Psychotic state characterized by over-activity, overconfidence, excitement, delusions, etc.

Manic depressive

Psychotic cyclothymic temperament characterized by frequent oscillations
of mood (over-activity vs withdrawal)

Manic state

Uncontrolled excitement, restlessness, overactivity, explosive superficial happiness, overconfidence


Masochistic, Masochism

Finding pleasure in hurting oneself. Defensive channellisation of aggression towards oneself.



Achieving pure consciousness through awareness and mind control


Maslow's term for selfless, detached motivation arising out of fullness and not

Mini-max principle

Principle for improving behavior through awareness gradually by
minimizing the undesirable behavior and maximizing the desirable behavior

Morphic resonance

Concept that animals having similar body have similar minds which influence each other psychically by the principle of resonance.

Multiple Personality

Dissociative mind. Found commonly in primitives. At different times different
personalities surface and the person behaves differently. Often the person has amnesia regarding what he did or experienced when he was having another personality.

Natural Selection

Mechanism of evolution proposed by Darwin. Natural variation, struggle for existence, survival of the fittest and offsprings resembling parents.


Neurosis (Neuroses - Plural)

Psychological difficulty or maladjustment of the milder variety (as different from psychosis) often with some degree of conscious awareness



Feeling compelled to think for some apparently meaningless idea or do

an apparently meaningless act.


Oriental Psychology

Psychology based on ancient Oriental wisdom, concepts and methods.


Systematized delusions of persecution, suspicious nature, self-centered delusions of grandeur often projections of a sexual color, ideas of reference, pseudo-telepathic hallucinations.


The branch of Psychology studying behavior which appears to transcend sensory motor limitations.


Personality regression

Going back to a previous, immature level of personality, deterioration.

Physical, Astral,Causal

Different planes of consciousness. The astral plane and causal plane exist in between the physical plane and the absolute state of pure consciousness.

Poorna Chakra

Diagram designed by George Mathew to show the apparent formation and dissolution of mind.

Primary defense

Most important and commonly used type of psychological device used to protect self-acceptance.

Psi capacities

Paranormal capacities which transcend and motor limitations of man, namely, ESP (Extra Sensory Perception) and PK(Psycho Kinesis).

Psychedelic drugs

Drugs which alter or expand consciousness changing perceptual quality, sense of time, etc.


Mind on matter effect. Change of state or motion induced not using the physical motor system of the body.

Psychology of Consciousness

The branch of Psychology which studies behavior in terms of altered states of consciousness (like waking, sleeping, aesthetic, mystic, etc.).


Criminal behavior resulting from personality deviations.



Related to body and mind. Idea that body and mind are parts of the same
holistic system and that what happens to one influences the other also.

Pure Awareness

The absolute state of consciousness, beyond space and time.

Relaxation procedures

Procedures by which a person can made to relax.

Sadistic, Sadism

A person whose defense is channellising one's frustration into aggressive acts against others. A sadist is a person who finds pleasure in hurting others or seeing others in pain.


Sankhya Yoga

System of philosophy and yoga (main concepts - purusha and prakriti) of Kapila ( 7th century B.C.)



Mixing with or keeping the company of people having high Stability


Psychotic condition characterized by withdrawal, distortion of reality, personality deterioration, hallucinations and delusions.



Term used by Goldstein and Maslow to denote actualization one's potentialities.

Sex perversions

Unnatural forms of sex like homosexuality, fetishism, etc.

Shock imparting

Giving an electric shock

Social interaction theory

Theory emphasizing the right kind of social interactions for personality

State Specific Learning(& State Dependent Memory)

The theory that what is learned in one state mind (example in a certain place, under the influence of a certain drug) is better recalled in a similar state (in the same place, taking the same drug).



Below conscious awareness or sensory thresholds

Sympathetic vibration

The principle that similar minds communicate to and influence each
other psychically, like when a string in a one musical instrument is sounded another string tuned alike sounds by resonance


A religion in China renovated by Lao Tsu in 6th century B.C., emphasizing harmony with nature


Territorial instinct

Instinctual need to have a certain amount space around oneself


Ancient Aryan scriptures - Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva (1500 to 1000 B.C.)



False or pseudo yogi, disqualified from the yogic path because of some error in intention, life-style or practice


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