PSYCHOLOGY - Glossary
The notion that anything that has happened is stored as
universal memory permanently which can be accessed through psychic methods.
System to enable people to become consciously aware of and
control vital physiological functions involving measurement of the function,
monitoring and continuous presentation through a sensory stimulus to the
founded by Gautama Buddha in 6th century B.C. which is very much in line with
modern scientific outlook and method.
withdrawal characterized by physical and mental rigidity and inactivity.
of pent up emotion
is the highest type of learning. An individual learns simply because he wants
to learn. Purposive learning.
The notion that living beings having a similar body share
a group mind and collective consciousness and they influence each other and
function together psychically.
Jung's term for the storehouse of ancestral experience in
racial history as well as the experience of animal ancestors.
Contiguity learning, Classical conditioning
Most primitive learning. Learning by association
(experiences occurring together in space or time go together) through the
principles of contiguity (nearness), similarity and contrast.
reversing, frequently changing, .in a cyclic fashion
Personality or mind splitting into two or more parts and
friction, not going smoothly together
Jung's concept for a person whose mind is externally
modern psychology this has come to mean a person who is very active,
sociable and dominant.
impotence, lack of sexual response in females
that minds of persons are not totally separate and that minds of people
belonging to a natural closely knit group merge to form some kind
of collective consciousness.
Sensory experience or perception in the absence of
relevant external stimuli. Usually the result of intense
subjective need for tension reduction or expression.
tendency of bio-systems to seek balance
Humanistically Oriented System of Psychology
is opposed to the mechanical view of man and humanistic psychology stresses the
capacity of man for personal growth.
Artificially induced, highly suggestible, sleep-like state
in willing or highly suggestible persons.
Dissociative neurotic personality. Immature,
attention seeking and low
self-awareness. Bodily conversions and multiple
personality. Escapist behavior.
kind of learning based on critical period, developmental readiness and search
image. Largely irreversible. Originally identified
imprinting (Lawrence and Tinbergen) was maternal.
of expression and operation of instincts
Learning by drive reduction, law of effect or
This type of learning presupposes a high drive to solve a problem, a reward or
punishment and selective strenthening or weakening of connections.
term for a person whose mind is internally turned. In modern Psychology, a person who is withdrawn, restful and
prefers to be alone.
Reaching the absolute through the intellect, reflecting on
the ultimate questions of existence.
The theory that genes change position influencing the
expression of characteristics.
The yoga of purifying consciousness through detached
of proper leadership or leadership which lets people do
what they want to do.
theory that acquired or learned characteristics is genetically transmitted to
the offsprings. Though the mechanism of how learning can influence genes is not
known there is some evidence that experience is genetically transmitted
people laugh as means to relieve tension or depression
is learning by cognitive reorganization or reorganization of elements of the
perceptual field. This occurs all on a sudden and this shows that even lower
animals are capable of higher types of learning when given the circumstances
which allow the operation of higher forms of learning.
concept of two types of control - I & A. Internals believe in self-effort
and will. Externals believe in fate, luck and external factors as determinants
of what happens to them.
the right object for imprinting is not available the organism attaches itself
to the object nearest to the search image.
state characterized by over-activity, overconfidence, excitement, delusions,
cyclothymic temperament characterized by frequent oscillations
of mood (over-activity vs withdrawal)
excitement, restlessness, overactivity, explosive superficial happiness,
Finding pleasure in hurting oneself. Defensive
channellisation of aggression towards oneself.
pure consciousness through awareness and mind control
Maslow's term for selfless, detached motivation arising
out of fullness and not
for improving behavior through awareness gradually by
minimizing the undesirable behavior and maximizing the desirable behavior
Concept that animals having similar body have similar
minds which influence each other psychically by the principle of resonance.
Dissociative mind. Found commonly in primitives. At different times
personalities surface and the person behaves
differently. Often the person has amnesia regarding what he did or experienced
when he was having another personality.
Mechanism of evolution proposed by Darwin. Natural variation, struggle for existence,
survival of the fittest and offsprings resembling parents.
(Neuroses - Plural)
difficulty or maladjustment of the milder variety (as different from psychosis)
often with some degree of conscious awareness
compelled to think for some apparently meaningless idea or do
an apparently meaningless act.
based on ancient Oriental wisdom, concepts and methods.
Systematized delusions of persecution, suspicious nature,
self-centered delusions of grandeur often projections of a sexual color, ideas
of reference, pseudo-telepathic hallucinations.
The branch of Psychology studying behavior which appears
to transcend sensory motor limitations.
Going back to a previous, immature level of personality,
planes of consciousness. The astral plane and causal plane exist in between the
physical plane and the absolute state of pure consciousness.
Diagram designed by
George Mathew to show the apparent formation and dissolution of mind.
important and commonly used type of psychological device used to protect
capacities which transcend and motor limitations of man, namely, ESP (Extra
Sensory Perception) and PK(Psycho Kinesis).
which alter or expand consciousness changing perceptual quality, sense of time,
Mind on matter effect. Change of state or motion induced
not using the physical motor system of the body.
Psychology of Consciousness
branch of Psychology which studies behavior in terms of altered states of
consciousness (like waking, sleeping, aesthetic, mystic,
Criminal behavior resulting from personality deviations.
Related to body and mind. Idea that body
and mind are parts of the same
holistic system and that what happens to one influences the other also.
The absolute state of consciousness, beyond space and
by which a person can made to relax.
A person whose defense is channellising one's frustration
into aggressive acts against others. A sadist is a person who finds pleasure in hurting others
or seeing others in pain.
of philosophy and yoga (main concepts - purusha and prakriti) of Kapila ( 7th century B.C.)
with or keeping the company of people having high Stability
condition characterized by withdrawal, distortion of reality, personality
deterioration, hallucinations and delusions.
used by Goldstein and Maslow to denote actualization one's potentialities.
forms of sex like homosexuality, fetishism, etc.
an electric shock
Theory emphasizing the right kind of social interactions
Specific Learning(& State Dependent Memory)
theory that what is learned in one state mind (example in a certain place,
under the influence of a certain drug) is better recalled in a similar state
(in the same place, taking the same drug).
conscious awareness or sensory thresholds
principle that similar minds communicate to and influence each
other psychically, like when a string in a one musical instrument is sounded
another string tuned alike sounds by resonance
religion in China
renovated by Lao Tsu in 6th century B.C., emphasizing harmony with nature
need to have a certain amount space around oneself
Ancient Aryan scriptures - Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva
(1500 to 1000 B.C.)
or pseudo yogi, disqualified from the yogic path because of some error in
intention, life-style or practice
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